According to reports, India has aggressive renewable energy targets and industry energy efficiency policies. But it faces significant infrastructure challenges which may derail otherwise good policy.
This is mentioned in a report on the country’s national climate policy by Climate Policy Initiative, a US-based global policy effectiveness analysis and advisory organisation.
The report notes that despite challenges, the past decade saw a huge growth in the country’s renewable energy generation – especially wind, which grew 1250% from 2000-2010.
The Policy Climate includes summaries of emissions, economic trends and key policies in sectors like buildings, power, industry, transport and land use.
“In 2012, India was the world’s fourth-largest market for new wind power projects, it has ambitious solar energy targets, and it has significant government programs focused on energy efficiency. But because it is also about improving energy security, reducing energy imports,improving the nation’s balance of payments, creating new and profitable industries; it also pursues the largest build-out of coal-fired power plants, coal mining and related infrastructure anywhere outside of China.”
Since the early 1990s, industrial productivity has tripled, but emissions have gone up only about 70%.
“India is growing rapidly and represented 8% of increase in global energy-related CO2 emissions between 2000 and 2010.” Both emissions and power generation also increased dramatically more than doubling in 15 years.
Criticising the government’s role, the report states that although agriculture and forestry are important emission sources in India, there is little policy focus on these sectors.
“The renewable energy certificate policy in India, which is adapted from policies like the renewable obligation certificate market in the UK and the renewable portfolio standards in the US, is having, at best, mixed results…” researchers noted.